Font-Display and CLS
I've written before on how tricky it can be dealing with external fonts and maintaining a healthy CLS score. This week, I had the chance to revisit it with the suggestion of exploring the particular load settings.
The Fastest Google Fonts
Below I'm snipping Chris Coyier's sample from Harry Roberts' amazingly thorough analysis on font performance. The idea is that you can render text immediately and load fonts quickly by adding preload and preconnect link attributes to your sources.
<link rel="preconnect" href="https://fonts.gstatic.com" crossorigin /> <link rel="preload" as="style" href="$CSS&display=swap" /> <link rel="stylesheet" href="$CSS&display=swap" media="print" onload="this.media='all'" />
In my use case, this is exactly what was already in place.
Variables - Preload and Font-Display
Breaking down the different parts, we have a few variables to play with:
- Links with and without "Preloading"
Font-Displaysettings "Block" and "Swap"
Preloading does not block, but marks the asset as a high priority and schedules it early on in the page lifecycle. More details available on MDN
Preconnect is similar. It lets the browser know that resources will be needed from this source early on.
As per Google's Definition:
Block, the browser default, leaves a 3 second window for the font to be fetched and loaded before "inking" the text. (Text is rendered, but in "invisible ink")
Swap renders text immediately and then swaps the font style on load.
Even with preloading and preconnecting in place, there's still enough delay where the CLS score was catching the "swap" on the page.
So I toyed around with the above variables, mixing and matching preloading with block and swap.
Here's what I found: There was a noticeable drop in both of the options that use the
font-display: block; setting! From a 0.003 range to a 0.002 range on page with mostly hero and navigation text.
Of course, there's a tradeoff: The CLS score here is improved as a result of delaying text rendering. It's only a 3 second window, but it's common practice now to be aiming for 2 second load times for webpages. At the very least, in this case, a backup font is loaded after that time elapses.
I'm waiting to hear back on what the field data reports with this change, but I'm hoping this is a move in the right direction!